These views have changed in many parts of the world. Children born outside marriage have become more common in many countries. Those seeking to advance gender neutrality may refer to both marriage partners as spouses , and many countries and societies are rewording their statute law by replacing wife and husband with spouse. In Roman law, first marriages to brides aged 12–25 required the consent of the bride and her father, but by the late antique period Roman law permitted women over 25 to marry without parental consent. Historically, many societies have given sets of rights and obligations to husbands that have been very different from the sets of rights and obligations given to wives. Wife refers to the institutionalized relation to the other spouse, unlike mother, a term that puts a woman into the context of her children. Changing of name upon marriage[edit] In some cultures, particularly in the AnglophoneWest, wives often change their surnames to that of the husband upon getting married married female for dating. Among the last European countries to establish full gender equality in marriage were Switzerland, A traditional, formal presentation of the bride price at a Thai engagement ceremony. In parts of the world, adultery may result in violent acts, such as honor killings or stoning. [14] In addition, some religions are interpreted as requiring children in marriage; for instance Pope Francis said in 2015 that choosing not to have children was selfish. In pre-modern times, it was unusual to marry for love alone, [16] although it became an ideal in literature by the early modern period.

In addition, affinity rules of the Christian Church, of Judaism and of Islam prohibit an ex-wife or widow from engaging in sexual relations with and from marrying a number of relatives of the former husband. There is a widely held expectation, which has existed for most of recorded history and in most cultures, that a wife is not to have sexual relations with anyone other than her legal husband. Adultery may be a factor to consider in a property settlement, it may affect the status of children, the custody of children; moreover, adultery can result in social ostracism in some parts of the world. In particular, the control of marital property, inheritance rights, and the right to dictate the activities of children of the marriage, have typically been given to male marital partners. In addition, local customary law influenced wives property rights; as a result wives property rights in the pre-modern West varied widely from region to region. In addition, Roman law recognized wives property as legally separate from husbands s property, [23] as did some legal systems in parts of Europe and colonial Latin America. The Merchant s Wife (1918) by Boris Kustodiev A wife is a femalepartner in a continuing marital relationship. For some, this is a controversial practice, due to its tie to the historical doctrine of coverture and to the historically subordinated roles of wives. In contrast, English common law moved to a system where a wife with a living husband ( feme couvert ) could own little property in her own name. [19] Parish studies have confirmed that late medieval women did sometimes marry against their parents approval. A former wife whose spouse is deceased is a Termination of the status of a wife[edit] The status of a wife may be terminated by divorce, annulment, or the death of a spouse.

A breach of this expectation of fidelity is commonly referred to as adultery or extramarital sex. It is related to Modern German Weib (woman, female), ghwībh- shame; pudenda (cf. The word is of Germanic origin, from Proto-Germanic * wībam, woman..
. Tocharian B kwīpe and Tocharian A kip, each meaning female pudenda , with clear sexual overtones). This subject was in particular addressed by John Stuart Mill, in The Subjection of Women (1869). In Indo-Aryan languages, a wife is known as Patni, which means a woman who shares everything in this world with her husband and he does the same, including their identity. In northern Ghana, for example, the payment of bride price signifies a woman s requirement to bear children, and women using birth control are at risk of threats and coercion. A wife usually takes care of anything inside her household, including the family s health, the children s education, a parent s needs. [29] a state in which her chastity and economic survival would be protected married female for dating. [ Although some wives in particular in Western countries choose not to have children, such a choice is not accepted in some parts of the world. .


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